Reference Guide to Coffee Beans

While looking across the coffee aisle of your native grocery store, you’ve gotten probably come across bags with ‘Arabica’ and ‘Robusta’ written on them. Have you ever wondered what these names imply? Well, these are names of the assorted types of coffee beans that inform us concerning the style and different bits of information about the coffee. Arabica and Robusta are two of the primary species of coffee plants available worldwide with Arabica accounting for 60 to 70 per cent of total international production. There are other types available which might be far less to be found. The different types of coffee when brewed taste different.

When it comes to deciding on coffee, we normally consider the roasting profiles or the origin of the beans. But there may be more to it that is distinctive to each of the types.

Types and Characteristics of Coffee Beans

There are four major types of coffee beans available commercially – Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa. Let’s delve more into each of these types available and their uniqueness.


Arabica remains the preferred coffee beans, accounting for over 60% of total coffee production in the world. The favoredity of this coffee lies in its delicate and distinctive flavour and less acidity. Arabica beans are farmed at high altitude areas with loads of rain and adequate shade. With -thirds of the Amazon rainforest lying within Brazilian territory has helped the country turn into the world’s largest producer of Arabica beans. The plants are fairly delicate and badly affected during adverse environmental conditions. Farming in massive quantities is a problem as these plants are prone to plant illnesses and want fixed attention. This pushes up the cost of beans considerably, although coffee drinkers do not mind paying the worth attributable to its softer and sweeter taste. The plant grows no taller than 6 ft, making it simple to prune and harvest.

One level that wants highlighting is that the multi-layer intricacies of its style could diminish when served cold or with a mix of milk or creamer. High-quality coffee is greatest served black and hot. However, you possibly can give the drink a style by adding some flavour to it.


In terms of international production, Robusta comes second within the list of farmed coffee beans after Arabica. True to its name, the Robusta species may be very tolerant of its environment and quite resistant to diseases. The high caffeine content, almost double the amount of Arabica, makes the plant so robust. Caffeine acts as the plant’s self-defence in opposition to diseases.

Compared to others, Robusta beans are bigger and more rounded. Typically, Robusta has a burnt or rubbery style, which makes it less widespread, except the place sturdy coffee is the favoured choice. The highest-quality beans are single-origin coffees and have a smooth texture, and often have gentle chocolate and rum associated with their flavour profile. The coffee is crafted from small-batch roasters. For the perfect tasting expertise with your each day dose of caffeine, brew the coffee, adding cream and sugar to reduce its flavour.


Liberica is a rare deal with these days. The beans are grown in specific climates of the Philippines that ends in its scarce production to fulfill international needs. Liberica beans are often asymmetrical in shape, and bigger than others. Those that have had the coffee said the beans have an aroma of fruity and floral aroma notes and possess a somewhat “woody” taste.


Although Excelsa is reclassified as a member of the Liberica family, the 2 species are so markedly totally different that many coffee drinkers nonetheless consider them as separate species. Similar to Liberica, Excelsa grows at comparable altitudes, the bushes reaching a height of 20-30 ft, and the beans have an almond-like shape. Excelsa boasts a tart and fruity flavour and has both light and dark roast notes to create its distinctive profile, luring coffee connoisseurs to seek out this variety.

Find out how to pick your alternative of coffee

Let’s be clear on the outset – drinking coffee is about finding your alternative and sticking to it. In the event you like the most effective available flavour and don’t mind paying the additional buck, go for a hundred% pure Arabica. If extra coffee with little bitterness is your selection, which would not burn a hole in your pocket, then a bag of Robusta or a mix of Robusta or Arabica will be the greatest bet. For something uncommon, scrumptious however hard to search out, then Libercia or Excelsa can be the fitting choice. Drinking coffee is about making an attempt completely different things and finding the fitting brew you enjoy.

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