Reference Guide to Coffee Beans

While looking around the coffee aisle of your local grocery store, you will have probably come throughout bags with ‘Arabica’ and ‘Robusta’ written on them. Have you ever wondered what these names mean? Well, these are names of the various types of coffee beans that inform us concerning the taste and different bits of details about the coffee. Arabica and Robusta are two of the main species of coffee plants available worldwide with Arabica accounting for 60 to 70 per cent of total international production. There are different types available which can be far less to be found. The totally different types of coffee when brewed taste different.

When it comes to choosing coffee, we often consider the roasting profiles or the origin of the beans. But there is more to it that’s distinctive to each of the types.

Types and Characteristics of Coffee Beans

There are 4 major types of coffee beans available commercially – Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa. Let’s delve more into each of those types available and their uniqueness.


Arabica remains the most well-liked coffee beans, accounting for over 60% of total coffee production within the world. The popularity of this coffee lies in its delicate and distinctive flavour and less acidity. Arabica beans are farmed at high altitude areas with loads of rain and adequate shade. With -thirds of the Amazon rainforest mendacity within Brazilian territory has helped the country become the world’s largest producer of Arabica beans. The plants are fairly delicate and badly affected during adverse environmental conditions. Farming in giant quantities is a challenge as these plants are prone to plant illnesses and want constant attention. This pushes up the cost of beans considerably, though coffee drinkers do not mind paying the price attributable to its softer and sweeter taste. The plant grows no taller than 6 toes, making it straightforward to prune and harvest.

One level that wants highlighting is that the multi-layer intricacies of its taste could diminish when served cold or with a mix of milk or creamer. High-quality coffee is greatest served black and hot. Nevertheless, you could give the drink a style by adding some flavour to it.


In terms of global production, Robusta comes second in the list of farmed coffee beans after Arabica. True to its name, the Robusta species may be very tolerant of its setting and quite immune to diseases. The high caffeine content material, almost double the quantity of Arabica, makes the plant so robust. Caffeine acts as the plant’s self-defence towards diseases.

Compared to others, Robusta beans are larger and more rounded. Usually, Robusta has a burnt or rubbery taste, which makes it less fashionable, besides where robust coffee is the favoured choice. The top-quality beans are single-origin coffees and have a smooth texture, and infrequently have gentle chocolate and rum related with their flavour profile. The coffee is crafted from small-batch roasters. For the most effective tasting expertise with your every day dose of caffeine, brew the coffee, adding cream and sugar to reduce its flavour.


Liberica is a rare deal with these days. The beans are grown in particular climates of the Philippines that results in its scarce production to satisfy world needs. Liberica beans are often asymmetrical in form, and bigger than others. Those who have had the coffee said the beans have an aroma of fruity and floral aroma notes and possess a somewhat “woody” taste.


Though Excelsa is reclassified as a member of the Liberica family, the two species are so markedly completely different that many coffee drinkers nonetheless consider them as separate species. Much like Liberica, Excelsa grows at comparable altitudes, the timber reaching a height of 20-30 ft, and the beans have an almond-like shape. Excelsa boasts a tart and fruity flavour and has each light and dark roast notes to create its unique profile, luring coffee connoisseurs to seek out this variety.

Learn how to pick your selection of coffee

Let’s be clear at the outset – drinking coffee is about finding your choice and sticking to it. If you like one of the best available flavour and don’t mind paying the extra buck, go for a hundred% pure Arabica. If additional coffee with little bitterness is your selection, which would not burn a gap in your pocket, then a bag of Robusta or a blend of Robusta or Arabica would be the greatest bet. For something unusual, delicious but hard to search out, then Libercia or Excelsa would be the best choice. Drinking coffee is about attempting totally different things and discovering the precise brew you enjoy.

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