Raechel DeSena // Secondary Research



Thesis: While AIDS is very easily passed throughout prisons and correctional facilities, people also find out they are HIV positive through prison tests.


  • Among state and federal jurisdictions reporting in 2010 there were 3,913 inmates living with an AIDS diagnosis.
  • Rates of AIDS-related deaths among state and federal prisoners declined an average of 16% per year between 2001 and 2010, from 24 deaths/100,000 in 2001 to 5/100,000 in 2010.
  • Among jail populations, African American men are 5 times as likely as white men, and twice as likely as Hispanic/Latino men, to be diagnosed with HIV.
  • Among jail populations, African American women are more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with HIV as white or Hispanic/Latino women.
  • Inmate concerns about privacy and fear of stigma. Many inmates do not disclose their high-risk behaviors, such as anal sex or injection drug use, because they fear being stigmatized.
  • Nine out of ten jail inmates are released in under 72 hours, which makes it hard to test them for HIV and help them find treatment.
  • HIV testing at a correctional facility may be the first time incarcerated people are tested and diagnosed with HIV.




Thesis: The promiscuity and rape within prisons and correctional facilities leads to the easy spread of HIV across inmates.


  • Prevalence of HIV and other infectious diseases is much higher among inmates than among those in the general community, and the burden of disease among inmates and releasees is disproportionately heavy
  • Because of the general lack of condoms and sterile needles/syringes, such behavior may involve greater risk within correctional facilities than on the outside




Substance abuse


Thesis: Mass media and television are bringing attention to addition through following celebrities and encouraging rehab.


  • More than 23 million Americans are believed to have an addiction disorder, yet only 10 percent of those receive treatment
  • Modern behaviors towards addiction and rehabilitation have considerably changed during the last decade thanks to the multitude of images depicting substance abuse and behavioral disorders that are infiltrating this technological generation
  • Addiction and unstable behavior portrayed in such television shows exploit celebrities’ erratic and unhealthy behaviors, leaving nothing private while boosting television ratings and simultaneously encouraging these celebrities’ popularity



Thesis: Sometimes a step on the road to recovery is just having support


  • The Stonewall Project is a family of programs dedicated to providing harm reduction-based counseling, treatment, and support services to gay men, transmen who have sex with men, and other men who have sex with men who are having issues with drugs and/or alcohol. We welcome you wherever you’re at, and do not require abstinence for you to receive services.
  • Our goal is to create a safe space where gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) who use crystal meth, crack cocaine, powder cocaine, alcohol and/or other drugs can come to deal with issues of concern to them without stipulations, conditions or judgments.
  • A program rooted in harm reduction

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